The Types of Agarwood in Indonesia
In Indonesia, agarwood can be grouped into two qualities: sapwood (the best quality) and the Kemedangan type (middle and low quality).
Classification of Agarwood
The classification of agarwood is carried out based on the buyer’s request and the quality of the wood / quality and species specifications (Aquilaria Mallacensis, Filaria, Gyrinops Spp) based on the natural shape of the wood. The agarwood is classified as follows:
a.Blocks/Stumps, Chips/flakes, Anchovies, Nuts and Powder.
d. Waste Ash (Refined oil and resin)
Agarwood powder consists of:
➢ Resin waste powder
➢ Oil waste ash
Kemedangan consists of:
• Kemedangan A, B, C, TGC (BC)
• White light. Anchovy (floating)
Agarwood sapwood consists of:
❖ Double super, Super A,
❖ Super B, Anchovy A, Anchovy B, and Saba (sink)
Agarwood Quality Indentification
Each local entrepreneur has special skills to sort the quality classifications, including sapwood and kemedangan specifications, this aims to set prices based on quality according to requests from buyers.
Sorting officers with the capital of species identification based on species and quality of wood, are doing sorting while
sitting on a stretch of agarwood, carefully using the sensitivity of the eye and the speed of the hand to identify based on quality.
Sorting officers with the capital of species identification based on species and quality of wood, are doing sorting while sitting on a stretch of agarwood, carefully using the sensitivity of the eye and the speed of the hand to identify based on quality.
Glubal and Kemedangan which have been processed are then dried in the sun to reduce the water content to the lowest level in each different place.
Agarwood Producing Area
Based on the collection and introduction of agarwood in Indonesia according to the distribution of the quota for collection. Natural Plants and Wildlife Capture issued by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia cq the Directorate General of Conservation of Natural Resources and Ecosystems (KSDAE) is divided into two types and areas of collection agarwood include:
• Aquilaria Malaccensis is set for collection areas on Sumatra Island and Kalimantan Island.
• Aquilaria Filaria is determined in the collection areas in Papua Island, West Papua, parts of Maluku Region and Sulawesi Region.
• Gyrinops Spp is set for the extraction area on the island of NTT, part of NTB Maluku Region and Sulawesi Region.
Agarwood Conservation Includes 3 (three) things:
1. Ecosystem – Sustainability with its ecosystem
2. Type – Preventing extinction by means of Cultivation
3. Genetics – Utilization of Natural Resources and Cultivation to be sustainable includes 3 principles:
a. Utilization and non-destructive harvesting of agarwood (NDF)
b. The precautionary principle, in accordance with the gaharu management policy.
c. Forest conservation to prevent the extinction of microbes for the process of forming high quality agarwood (gaharu sapwood) so that it does not become extinct
Benefits of Agarwood Cultivation
Supporting Species Conservation Program, Maintaining Natural Resources Conservation, Increase agarwood production for domestic production, Support domestic industrial raw materials, Increase foreign exchange through exports, Increase Biodiversity Productivity, Increase the income of Agarwood Cultivation Farmers, Add job opportunities, Used as an ingredient for pharmaceuticals, perfumes, & other uses.