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Classification and quality standards of agarwood in Indonesia which include definitions of terms, specifications and quality of agarwood as well as administration including export developments for 5 (five) years, the Indonesian Agarwood Association (ASGARIN) conducts research on agarwood in terms of collection systems, quality classification and exports to other countries. destination .


The definition of gaharu according to the data and information obtained by ASGARIN is a type of hardwood from the gaharu tree that produces gaharu which grows naturally, the cultivation of which has been infected with natural, artificial processes and contains resin and has fiber, weight and gives off an aroma when burned.


The meaning of gaharu according to ASGARIN data and information is as follows:
Damar gaharu is: The hard part of the karas wood containing the accumulation of mastic in a high concentration.
Gubal gaharu is: The part of the carad wood that contains the accumulation of mastic with a lower concentration.
Kemedangan gaharu is: The result of the accumulation of mastic in the early stages on the carad wood which forms slowly in white brown lines.

Knowing the Types of Agarwood in Indonesia Based on the Results of the Agreement between the Research Center for LIPI and ASGARIN in 2006


In Indonesia, agarwood can be grouped into two qualities: sapwood (the best quality) and the Kemedangan type (middle and low quality).


The classification of agarwood is carried out based on the buyer’s request and the quality of the wood / quality and species specifications (Aquilaria Mallacensis, Filaria, Gyrinops Spp) based on the natural shape of the wood. The agarwood is classified as follows:

a.Blocks/Stumps, Chips/flakes, Anchovies, Nuts and Powder.
c.Resin (BMW)
d. Waste Ash (Refined oil and resin)

Agarwood powder consists of:
➢ sapwood
➢ brilliance
➢ Resin waste powder
➢ Oil waste ash

Kemedangan consists of:
• Kemedangan A, B, C, TGC (BC)
• White light. Anchovy (floating)

Agarwood sapwood consists of:
❖ Double super, Super A,
❖ Super B, Anchovy A, Anchovy B, and Saba (sink)


The gaharu harvesting system and method in Indonesia is carried out by the gaharu-seeking community based on the results of monitoring and the habits of forest edge communities and gaharu-seeking entrepreneurs are carried out in stages.
as follows :
❖ First stage
site survey
❖ Second Stage
obtain a collection permit from the local KSDA Hall and register as a member of ASGARIN
❖ Third stage
Prepare personnel and BAMA
❖ Fourth Stage
Collecting and transporting gaharu finds from the forest

❖ Fifth Stage
Sales of gaharu products from natural forests to gaharu collectors/entrepreneurs at the village and/or sub-district level
❖ Sixth Stage
Sales of gaharu products from natural forests to exporters at the provincial and/or inter-island levels, especially to Java (Jakarta and Surabaya)
❖ Seventh Stage
Process for Industry
❖ Eighth Stage
Export Overseas


Each local entrepreneur has special skills to sort the quality classifications, including sapwood and kemedangan specifications, this aims to set prices based on quality according to requests from buyers.

Sorting officers with the capital of species identification based on species and quality of wood, are doing sorting while
sitting on a stretch of agarwood, carefully using the sensitivity of the eye and the speed of the hand to identify based on quality.

Sorting officers with the capital of species identification based on species and quality of wood, are doing sorting while
sitting on a stretch of agarwood, carefully using the sensitivity of the eye and the speed of the hand to identify based on quality.

Glubal and Kemedangan which have been processed are then dried in the sun to reduce the water content to the lowest level in each different place.


Based on the collection and introduction of agarwood in Indonesia according to the distribution of the quota for collection. Natural Plants and Wildlife Capture issued by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia cq the Directorate General of Conservation of Natural Resources and Ecosystems (KSDAE) is divided into two types and areas of collection
agarwood include:
• Aquilaria Malaccensis is set for collection areas on Sumatra Island and Kalimantan Island.
• Aquilaria Filaria is determined in the collection areas in Papua Island, West Papua, parts of Maluku Region and Sulawesi Region.
• Gyrinops Spp is set for the extraction area on the island of NTT, part of NTB Maluku Region and Sulawesi Region.

Includes 3 (three) things:

  1. Ecosystem – Sustainability with its ecosystem
  2. 2. Type – Preventing extinction by means of Cultivation
  3. Genetics – Utilization of Natural Resources and Cultivation to be sustainable includes 3 principles:
    a. Utilization and non-destructive harvesting of agarwood (NDF)
    b. The precautionary principle, in accordance with the gaharu management policy.
    c. Forest conservation to prevent the extinction of microbes for the process of forming high quality gaharu (gaharu sapwood) so that it does not become extinct


  • Supporting Species Conservation Program
    • Maintaining Natural Resources Conservation
    • Increase agarwood production for domestic production
    • Support domestic industrial raw materials
    • Increase foreign exchange through exports
  • Increase Biodiversity Productivity
    • Increase the income of Agarwood Cultivation Farmers
    • Add job opportunities
    • Used as an ingredient for pharmaceuticals, perfumes and ritual ceremonies