Potential and Utilization of Shell Charcoal
Coconut plant is a plant that has great value in human life. Various studies have succeeded in proving the benefits of parts of the coconut plant. One part of the coconut that has benefits is the coconut shell.
Coconut shell is part of the coconut fruit which is in the form of endocrap, is hard, and is covered by coconut fiber. Coconut shells are usually used as craft materials, fuel, and briquettes. Coconut shell contains carbon as much as 75-95%. Coconut shell also contains other ingredients, namely: H2O as much as 8.7%; nitrogen as much as 2.9%; oxygen as much as 7.0%; and pH as much as 6.4%.
Coconut shells that are used can produce very valuable added value, because coconut shells have very good potential and are practical in their use. Currently the center of attention and the largest use of coconut shell utilization is as an energy storage. Utilization of coconut shell charcoal as an energy store has good potential, is environmentally friendly and widely available and renewable raw materials.
Coconut shell charcoal can be used as a store of electrical energy, coconut shell briquettes, purification and purification of water, absorbing toxic substances, reducing cholesterol, binding nutrients in the air, accelerating plant growth, and as a wound healer. The functions and uses of coconut shell charcoal that are widely sought after and traded are in the form of liquid smoke and charcoal briquettes which have export opportunities abroad.