Types of agarwood
In several classifications or groupings of plants, these gaharu-producing plants are grouped into the Spermatophyta division and the Dicotyledoneae class. Plants that can produce aloes are included in the Thymeleaceae, Leguminoceae, and Euforbiaceae families.
Of the three types above that can produce gahru of the highest quality, namely the Aquilaria Genus, from the Aquilaria group consisting of 3 species that have the potential to produce high quality agarwood: Aquilaria beccanrian, Aquilaria microcarpa, and Aquilaria malaccensis Lamk.
- Agarwood impregnation area in Indonesia
When viewed in broad terms, areas with high or hot temperatures tend to have the potential to produce this plant and the resulting quality can be very high. Good temperatures are in the range of 28º-34ºC, with humidity of 60-80%, and rainfall of 1,000-2,000mm / year.
- Characteristics of agarwood
In general, the most prominent feature of this agarwood is that it can live at a height of 35-40 m with a diameter of 60-70 cm.
There is an oval fruit growing at the tip of this tree. The fruit is reddish in color with fine hairs on its surface.
The characteristics of the high quality agarwood tree are in the middle or so-called sapwood which is dark black and if it is rotated, it will give off a very fragrant aroma. The opposite of quality gaharu, which is low quality gaharu, is characterized by its brown color and the aroma that is released is not too strong.
- Gaharu Crocodile Wood
For this type of crocodile gaharu, the selling price is relatively cheaper when compared to other types, because the fragrance is not as strong as banyan aloes. As for the price, it can be in the range of IDR 500,000 with a weight of 500 grams.
- Kalimantan agarwood
Furthermore, this type of Borneo agarwood grows and is found in eastern Indonesia, including Kalimantan and Papua. and for the Kalimantan agarwood price, the original range of logs is Rp. 4,000,000 with a diameter of 45cm.
- Black agarwood
This type of black agarwood or what can be called sapwood has a very expensive price compared to others, because of its very strong fragrance. The price of this type is in the range of IDR 20,000 to IDR 35,000 / for per gram. Compared to the price per kilo of agarwood with black chip-medang black class, it can reach the figure of around Rp. 20,000,000 and for sapwood it can reach Rp. 35,000,000 / kg.